To establish a healthy yard it can be crucial to understand the soil type. No matter how much work you do in the yard and garden, all that careful sowing, weeding and tending could be in vain if the soil doesn’t match the types of plants and shrubs you are planting. Every yard has its own mixture of minerals, organic and inorganic matter. This mixture largely determines what plants, shrubs or trees can be grown successfully. There are six basic types of soil.
There are plants for every type of soil. Native plants especially are per definition adapted to the local soil. In normal circumstances there is no need to amend the soil, you just have to understand the type of soil you have and plant accordingly.
Soil amendments are only necessary if the soil is very compacted, contains toxins, is deplenished, or if you want to grow food. Before you start amending the soil we advise you to send a soil test. This is not expensive and it will give you a better idea of what exactly your soil needs for improvement. These videos show how to take a soil sample. After you made your sample send it in to an agricultural extension in a local university, or if not available to a one of the following laboratoria: Rutgers Experiment Station, Waypoint Analytical or Logan labs.