Many of the plants we view as vegetables are actually fruits: tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchinis are the fleshy containers of seeds and are technically fruits. Nonetheless, they may all be included in a vegetable garden. Tomatoes must be started indoors under lights, so it is often easiest to buy young plants from a garden center. Cucumber and zucchinis are easy from seed but wait until after the last frost day before planting. Get your seeds from a garden center or online: look for organic varieties.
Leafy greens can be grown from seeds and are among the easiest vegetables to grow, given the right conditions. Start indoors at the end of winter or outdoors after the last frost. Examples of leafy greens: Arugula, Bok choy, Broccoli, Broccoli rabe, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Celery, Chickweed, Chicory, Collard greens, Cress, Dandelion, Daylily, Dill, Endive, Fat hen, Fiddlehead, Grape Leaves, Greater plantain, Lamb’s lettuce, Lamb’s quarters, Lettuce, Mallow, Corchorus, Miner’s lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata, Mizuna greens, Mustard greens, Napa cabbage, Pumpkin flower, Pea-sprouts, Poke, Purslane, Radicchio, Samphire, Sculpit, Sea beet, Sea kale, Shepherd’s purse, Sour cabbage, Spinach, Swiss chard, Tatsoi, Turnip-greens, Water spinach, Wheatgrass, Yarrow, Yao choy.
Bulb and stem, root and tuberous vegetables
These type of vegetables are easiest grow from partial root, small bulbs, cloves etc. The best time to plant them is in the fall. Examples of bulb, stem root and tuberous vegetables: Asparagus, Cardoon, Celeriac, Celery, Chives, Fennel, Garlic, Kohlrabi, Lemongrass, Leek, Onion Pearl,Onion, Potato, Shallot, Beetroot Burdock, Camas, Canna, Carrot, Cassava, Chinese artichoke, Yam, Ensete, Galangal, Ginger, Horseradish, Jerusalem artichoke, Parsnip, Radish, Rutabaga, Sweet potato, Turmeric Turnip, Wasabi, Yam